Learning US Citizenship Civics Test (English Version)

100 civics questions and answers for US citizenship test.
Official list of civics questions and answers for naturalization test.
 QuestionsAnswers
1.What is the supreme law of the land?- the Constitution
2.What does the Constitution do?- sets up the government
- defines the government
- protects basic rights of Americans
3.The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?- We the People
4.What is an amendment?- a change (to the Constitution)
- an addition (to the Constitution)
5.What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?- the Bill of Rights
6.What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?* - speech
- religion
- assembly
- press
- petition the government
7.How many amendments does the Constitution have?- twenty-seven (27)
8.What did the Declaration of Independence do?- announced our independence (from Great Britain)
- declared our independence (from Great Britain)
- said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
9.What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?- life
- liberty
- pursuit of happiness
10.What is freedom of religion?- You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
11What is the economic system in the United States?*- capitalist economy
- market economy
12What is the “rule of law”?- Everyone must follow the law.
- Leaders must obey the law.
- Government must obey the law.
- No one is above the law.
13Name one branch or part of the government.*- Congress
- legislative
- President
- executive
- the courts
- judicial
14What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?- checks and balances
- separation of powers
15Who is in charge of the executive branch?- the President
16Who makes federal laws?- Congress
- Senate and House (of Representatives)
- (U.S. or national) legislature
17What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*- the Senate and House (of Representatives)
18How many U.S. Senators are there?- one hundred (100)
19We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? - six (6)
20Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*- Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C.
(or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
21The House of Representatives has how many voting members? - four hundred thirty-five (435)
22We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?- two (2)
23Name your U.S. Representative.- Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may
provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has
no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]
24Who does a U.S. Senator represent?- all people of the state
25Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?- (because of) the state’s population
- (because) they have more people
- (because) some states have more people
26We elect a President for how many years?four (4)
27In what month do we vote for President?*November
28What is the name of the President of the United States now?*- Donald J. Trump
- Donald Trump
- Trump
29What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?- Michael R. Pence
- Mike Pence
- Pence
30If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?- the Vice President
31If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?- the Speaker of the House
32Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?- the President
33Who signs bills to become laws?- the President
34Who vetoes bills? - the President
35What does the President’s Cabinet do?- advises the President
36What are two Cabinet-level positions?- Secretary of Agriculture
- Secretary of Commerce
- Secretary of Defense
- Secretary of Education
- Secretary of Energy
- Secretary of Health and Human Services
- Secretary of Homeland Security
- Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Secretary of the Interior
- Secretary of Labor
- Secretary of State
- Secretary of Transportation
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Secretary of Veterans Affairs
- Attorney General
- Vice President
37What does the judicial branch do?- reviews laws
- explains laws
- resolves disputes (disagreements)
- decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38What is the highest court in the United States?- the Supreme Court
39How many justices are on the Supreme Court?- nine (9)
40Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?- John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?
- to print money
- to declare war
- to create an army
- to make treaties
42Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? - provide schooling and education
- provide protection (police)
- provide safety (fire departments)
- give a driver’s license
- approve zoning and land use
43Who is the Governor of your state now?- Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]
44What is the capital of your state?*- Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a
capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]
45What are the two major political parties in the United States?*- Democratic and Republican
46What is the political party of the President now?- Republican (Party)
47What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?- Paul D. Ryan
- (Paul) Ryan
48There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.- Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
- You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
- Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
- A male citizen of any race (can vote).
49What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*- serve on a jury
- vote in a federal election
50Name one right only for United States citizens.- vote in a federal election
- run for federal office
51What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?- freedom of expression
- freedom of speech
- freedom of assembly
- freedom to petition the government
- freedom of religion
- the right to bear arms
52 freedom of expression
▪ freedom of speech
▪ freedom of assembly
▪ freedom to petition the government
▪ freedom of religion
▪ the right to bear arms
- the United States
- the flag
53What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?- give up loyalty to other countries
- defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
- obey the laws of the United States
- serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
- serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
- be loyal to the United States
54How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*- eighteen (18) and older
55What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?- vote
- join a political party
- help with a campaign
- join a civic group
- join a community group
- give an elected official your opinion on an issue
- call Senators and Representatives
- publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
- run for office
- write to a newspaper
56When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*- April 15
57When must all men register for the Selective Service?- at age eighteen (18)
- between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
58What is one reason colonists came to America?- freedom
- political liberty
- religious freedom
- economic opportunity
- practice their religion
- escape persecution
59Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?- American Indians
- Native Americans
60What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?- Africans
- people from Africa
61Why did the colonists fight the British?- because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
- because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
- because they didn’t have self-government
62Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?- (Thomas) Jefferson
63When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?- July 4, 1776
64There were 13 original states. Name three- New Hampshire
- Massachusetts
- Rhode Island
- Connecticut
- New York
- New Jersey
- Pennsylvania
- Delaware
- Maryland
- Virginia
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
- Georgia
65What happened at the Constitutional Convention?- The Constitution was written.
- The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66When was the Constitution written?- 1787
67The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.- (James) Madison
- (Alexander) Hamilton
- (John) Jay
- Publius
68What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?- U.S. diplomat
- oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
- first Postmaster General of the United States
- writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
- started the first free libraries
69Who is the “Father of Our Country”?- (George) Washington
70Who was the first President?*- (George) Washington
71What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?- the Louisiana Territory
- Louisiana
72Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.- War of 1812
- Mexican-American War
- Civil War
- Spanish-American War
73Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. - the Civil War
- the War between the States
74Name one problem that led to the Civil War.- slavery
- economic reasons
- states’ rights
75What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*- freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
- saved (or preserved) the Union
- led the United States during the Civil War
76What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?- freed the slaves
- freed slaves in the Confederacy
- freed slaves in the Confederate states
- freed slaves in most Southern states
77What did Susan B. Anthony do?- fought for women’s rights
- fought for civil rights
78Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*- World War I
- World War II
- Korean War
- Vietnam War
- (Persian) Gulf War
79Who was President during World War I?- (Woodrow) Wilson
80Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II? - (Franklin) Roosevelt
81Who did the United States fight in World War II?- Japan, Germany, and Italy
82Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?- World War II
83During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?- Communism
84What movement tried to end racial discrimination?- civil rights (movement)
85What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*- fought for civil rights
- worked for equality for all Americans
86What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?- Terrorists attacked the United States.
87Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.- [USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]
- Cherokee
- Navajo
- Sioux
- Chippewa
- Choctaw
- Pueblo
- Apache
- Iroquois
- Creek
- Blackfeet
- Seminole
- Cheyenne
- Arawak
- Shawnee
- Mohegan
- Huron
- Oneida
- Lakota
- Crow
- Teton
- Hopi
- Inuit
88Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.- Missouri (River)
- Mississippi (River)
89What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?- Pacific (Ocean)
90What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?- Atlantic (Ocean)
91Name one U.S. territory- Puerto Rico
- U.S. Virgin Islands
- American Samoa
- Northern Mariana Islands
- Guam
92Name one state that borders Canada.- Maine
- New Hampshire
- Vermont
- New York
- Pennsylvania
- Ohio
- Michigan
- Minnesota
- North Dakota
- Montana
- Idaho
- Washington
- Alaska
92Name one state that borders Canada.- Maine
- New Hampshire
- Vermont
- New York
- Pennsylvania
- Ohio
- Michigan
- Minnesota
- North Dakota
- Montana
- Idaho
- Washington
- Alaska
93Name one state that borders Mexico.- California
- Arizona
- New Mexico
- Texas
94What is the capital of the United States?*- Washington, D.C
95Where is the Statue of Liberty?*- New York (Harbor)
- Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
96Why does the flag have 13 stripes?- because there were 13 original colonies
- because the stripes represent the original colonies
97Why does the flag have 50 stars?*- because there is one star for each state
- because each star represents a state
- because there are 50 states
98What is the name of the national anthem?- The Star-Spangled Banner
99When do we celebrate Independence Day?*- July 4
100Name two national U.S. holidays.- New Year’s Day
- Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
- Presidents’ Day
- Memorial Day
- Independence Day
- Labor Day
- Columbus Day
- Veterans Day
- Thanksgiving
- Christmas

Learning US Citizenship Test - Civics Test (English version)